Smokers are four times as likely to have periodontal (gum) disease as someone who has never smoked.
Tomar SL and Asma S Smoking-attributable Periodontitis is the US. Findings from NHANES III. J Periodontol, 2000:71:743-751.
Hans Skariah, B.Sc., DMD
Promenade Court Dental Health Group in Mississauga
2233 Hurontario St., Mississauga, ON, Canada
(1/2 km north of the QEW in the Dome Building)